Before Kamala Harris, This Vice President Broke a Racial Barrier

first_imgKamala Harris broke gender and racial barriers this year as the first woman, first Black person and first person of Asian descent to be elected vice president.But historians and Native Americans are also revisiting the legacy of Charles Curtis, whose Kaw Nation ancestry gives him a claim as the first “person of color” to serve as vice president, though the term’s current usage emerged decades later.- Advertisement – Mr. Curtis was born in 1860 in the territory of Kansas to a white father and a mother of Kanza descent, and spent his early life among the Kanza people, who are now part of the Kaw Nation.He learned the language and excelled at horsemanship, according to the Senate. And he pursued his early education in Topeka, shuttling back and forth between the city and the reservation, said Crystal Douglas, who runs the Kanza Museum in Kaw City, Okla.Mr. Curtis was eventually elected a county attorney, and to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Mr. Hoover chose him as a running mate in 1928, possibly because of his popularity in the pastoral Midwest.- Advertisement – His embrace of his heritage, however, also came with a legacy that some historians and advocates say undermined Native land rights.‘One of our own men’- Advertisement – Mr. Curtis also had Osage ancestry, according to the Bureau of Indian Affairs.Ms. Douglas, the Kanza Museum director, said that Mr. Curtis “did some wonderful things” for his people, and introduced bills backing women’s voting rights and child labor laws. She said that Mr. Curtis’s personal papers show he was “disappointed” with how the Curtis Act ultimately harmed tribal identity. Mr. Curtis, who served under President Herbert Hoover from 1929 to 1933, often referred to the novelty of his background while in public office, speaking of his rise “from Kaw tepee to Capitol,” as his Senate biography notes.Native artifacts adorned his office, he posed for photographs in a Native headdress, and he referred to himself as “one-eighth Kaw Indian and a one-hundred percent Republican,” the biography says. Laura Harris, LaDonna Harris’s daughter, said in an interview on Monday that she and her mother discovered more about Mr. Curtis while preparing for her campaign.“You want people to know that we were politically active back in the 1800s, as well as today,” she said. “And we have served in government and were included in government.”“But he is almost a fluke,” she added. “He did things that, today, we would think they were not very progressive. But that was his time.”Ms. LaDuke said that while Native women had inspired her run, “I just think it is remarkable that a Native person was elected vice president. And a lot of people didn’t know that.” Dr. R. David Edmunds, a retired historian at the University of Texas in Dallas, said that Mr. Curtis represented the 19th-century approach of U.S. policy toward Native people.“Curtis is the last gasp of the old way, and the country moves away from him,” he said. “He has sort of been forgotten because of that.”Rediscovering CurtisIn 1936, when the coffin bearing the body of Mr. Curtis was transported by train from Washington to Kansas, “thousands” were expected to pay respects, according to The New York Times’s coverage of his funeral.Then he faded into relative obscurity, until this year, as Ms. Harris’s selection on a major party ticket renewed interest in his stature as the highest-ranking person of Native descent in the federal government. “There is pride with the Kanza, that one of theirs rose to be vice president of the United States,” said Mark Brooks, an administrator for the Kaw Mission in the Kansas State Historical Society. “But I would say that some would pick that apart and refer to the Curtis Act and what it actually did.” Updated Nov. 10, 2020, 3:26 p.m. ET According to original documents provided by the historical society, Mr. Curtis is referred to as “one of our own men” by a tribal leader, Chief Washungah, who spoke at the Capitol in 1900 about the tribe’s share of lands under treaties with the federal government.“The white people are getting rich off of the lands that have been treated away,” Chief Washungah told Commissioner of Indian Affairs William A. Jones, according to the documents.He added: “I am getting old and I realize that I cannot live much longer, so I am talking for the children now. I want them to stay on the land, and to get some good land.”Mr. Jones, in return, told the chief that “your matters have been carefully looked after by your representative in Congress,” in a reference to Mr. Curtis. In October, reporting on Ms. Harris’s preparations for a debate, the news site Indian Country Today noted that at least two Native Americans had sought the vice presidency in recent decades.One was LaDonna Harris, a Comanche citizen, a candidate for the Citizens Party in 1980 with Barry Commoner; the other, Winona LaDuke, of White Earth Nation, was the Green Party nominee for vice president in 1996 and 2000, alongside Ralph Nader. – Advertisement – Many Native leaders thought a man who grew up with a tribe would look out for their interests. But parts of his legacy, historians say, are overshadowed by his role as the original author of the Curtis Act of 1898, which orchestrated allotment of Native lands and curtailed tribal leadership.last_img read more

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South Africa at front line of GM research

first_imgThe development of hardier maize varietieswill change the lives of millions of Africans.(Image: MediaClubsouthafrica.com. For morefree photos, visit the image library) Former UN Secretary-general Kofi Annanpraised the efforts of African scientists in hisclosing remarks at the 2010 African GreenRevolution forum in Ghana. (Image: African Green Revolution) MEDIA CONTACTS • Patricia LucasUCT media liaison+27 21 650 5674 / 3732 RELATED ARTICLES • Super sorghum for Africa • Ethiopian wins World Food Prize • ‘Miracle’ rice fights African hunger • GM crops aid SA food security• All eyes on SA’s new suprt spudApril McAlisterSouth Africa is one of the leading participants in research into genetically modified foods, and particularly maize, the most commonly grown staple food on the continent.Professor Jennifer Thomson of the University of Cape Town’s Department of Molecular and Cell Biology is a principal authority on the subject and has been at the forefront of genetic engineering since the 1970s.She now serves on the National Biotechnology Advisory Committee which advises the Minister of Science and Technology and has advised on the GMO (genetically modified organisms) Act, which was passed by Parliament in May 1997, followed by the regulations in November 1999.According to Thomson, the state of GMO research in other African countries is very positive. One organisation making progress is the non-profit African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF), based in Nairobi, Kenya.Its purpose is to develop or acquire biotechnology crops through royalty-free licenses. Intellectual property is transferred to African farmers, some of whom have become hugely successful.Plant pathologist Dr Wilson Songa, the Kenyan Secretary of Agriculture, sits on the organisation’s board of trustees, while Thomson is Chairperson Emeritus.Developing hardy plantsWater deficiency is one of Africa’s biggest challenges, and negatively influences food production as well as economies in severely affected countries. Irrigation is expensive and out of range of the majority of small-scale farmers. Crop plants which can efficiently use what little water there is, and still produce an acceptable yield, will have the advantage in these arid areas.One of AATF’s biggest projects at present is Water Efficient Maize for Africa which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Howard G. Buffett Foundation.The gene for drought tolerance is acquired royalty- free from Monsanto, a US-based multinational agricultural biotechnology corporation. It is bred into local maize varieties and is being tested in field trials in South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique.The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre, based in El Batan, Mexico, is involved in developing hardier varieties of both maize and wheat for developing countries.The results of a study undertaken by the centre in 13 African countries were published in August 2010, and revealed that the distribution of new drought-tolerant maize varieties could improve yields by an average of 25%, help to alleviate poverty, and generate as much as US$1.5-billion (R10.5-billion) in benefits for consumers and producers.Resistant to viral diseasesProf Thomson and her colleagues have focused their attention on the most destructive maize pathogen on the continent – the maize streak virus (MSV). This disease was first observed by entomologist Claude Fuller in KwaZulu-Natal province (known at the time as Natal), and described in his 1901 report as “mealie variegation”.MSV occurs throughout Africa and causes one of the most serious viral crop diseases on the continent. Transmitted by insects, it manifests as pale yellow or yellow-white leaves, stunting the plant severely and often preventing it from producing complete cobs or seed. Research has shown that infection within the first few weeks of planting can result in a total crop loss, and devastation for farmers.The development, through breeding or genetic modification, of a maize variety that resists MSV has been a priority in a number of African countries, among them Kenya, South Africa and Nigeria.Locally, research into MSV resistance is now funded by the South African branch of the Pannar Seed Company, based in KwaZulu-Natal. The project was initially funded by the Claude Leon Foundation, a trust which supports postdoctoral research, then by the Rockefeller Foundation and South Africa’s Maize Trust.The process is slow and expensive, which is why few academic research laboratories are able to undertake it.Strict regulationsSouth Africa has a GMO regulatory body which falls under the Department of Agriculture and is administered by the department’s biosafety directorate. There is a full-time registrar and any application is first directed to a scientific advisory committee and handled on a case-by-case basis.The advisory committee advises an executive council, which is the decision-making body. The council consists of members from the health, environment, and trade and industry sectors, all of whom scrutinise the application closely.The application is approved only if the council is satisfied, or it may be declined or sent back for more research.OppositionSome organisations are opposed to the genetic engineering of foods. Biowatch South Africa, based in KwaZulu-Natal, is the main watchdog and was established in 1997 to keep tabs on issues of genetic modification, and promote biological diversity and sustainable livelihoods. Friends of the Earth and Greenpeace are also active in their opposition.There are five main areas of controversy – safety, effect on natural ecosystems, gene flow into non-GM crops, moral and religious concerns, and corporate control of the food supply.During the research process geneticists have to ensure that they don’t introduce a virus that can harm humans or animals. The Food and Agriculture Organisation has done extensive analyses and has shown that to date no modified foods are harmful in the short term.GM foods are subjected to a battery of tests run by toxicologists. Although all findings are published in books or journals, access to literature on research carried out by government bodies is not always possible.The concern that GM foods are inherently allergenic or cause physiological changes is not based in fact. Testing is rigorous and foodstuffs must undergo and pass the full range of tests before the regulatory body gives approval.When asked about concerns of vegetarians and vegans, Thomson stated that there is no animal DNA in any GM plant that is eaten.The way forwardIn his closing speech at the 2010 African Green Revolution forum held in early September in Accra, Ghana, former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan said , “I saw African scientists this week who are at the forefront of developing Africa’s own solutions to unlock agricultural productivity.”One of the strategies for the future, said Annan, will be to boost investment in science, technology and research, in order to ensure food and nutrition security. He added that this would work only if it’s done on a sustained basis and in cooperation with farmers.It is clear that Africa is taking responsibility for her own needs with a vision and the implementation of a plan. The key to understanding the future regarding GM products is knowledge. There are many publications freely available that debate both sides and without doubt, South Africa and other African states are on par with European countries and the US in the field of research and advancement in GM foods.last_img read more

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Manganti game-winner lifts Adamson past UP

first_imgThe Falcons tied Far Eastern U at third place with a 4-2 record while the Maroons dropped to 3-3.UP had one second to either go for the win or shoot for the tie, but Manganti was again on the right spot to tap Jun Manzo’s pass away in the final inbounds play.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutAdamson head coach Franz Pumaren breathed a huge sigh of relief after his team struggled to create distance from UP the entire game.“I guess we were lucky to win the game, the whole game we were struggling, we had a bad start, a flat start, and we made a lot of mental mistakes,” said Pumaren as the Falcons ended the first quarter behind UP, 25-19. MOST READ Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Brazil is in; Argentina still fighting for a World Cup spot Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary “We were going through the motions and I guess is a good test on our part that in the crucial moments of the game we can survive a game like this.”Jerrick Ahanmisi had game-high 21 points, 17 alone in the second quarter, on 8-of-11 shooting while Sarr added six points and 16 rebounds.Paul Desiderio and Manzo had 19 points apiece to lead the Fighting Maroons while Javi Gomez De Liaño missed out on a double-double as he finished with eight points and 14 boards.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients  BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH View comments Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netSean Manganti’s clutch tip-in lifted Adamson over University of the Philippines, 73-71, in the UAAP Season 80 men’s basketball tournament Wednesday at Smart Araneta Coliseum.With the scores tied at 71, Jerrick Ahanmisi and Papi Sarr misfired on their game-winner attempts but Manganti was there to grab the offensive board and score the putback with a second left on the clock.ADVERTISEMENT Read Next Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games PLAY LIST 00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Gameslast_img read more

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PM invites Zardari, Gilani to watch Indo-Pak match in Mohali

first_imgPrime Minister Manmohan Singh has invited his Pakistani counterpart Yousaf Raza Gilani (left) and President Asif Ali Zardari to watch the World Cup semi-final at Mohali.Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s decision to invite the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan to watch the India vs Pakistan World Cup match at Mohali with him marks yet another dogged attempt by him to push the India-Pakistan peace agenda.Sources in the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) confirmed that Singh wrote identical letters to Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yusaf Raza Gilani.The text of the letters to the Pakistani leaders says: “I propose to be at Mohali to watch the World Cup semi-final match between India and Pakistan to be held on 30th March.There is huge excitement over the match and we are all looking forward to a great game of cricket, that will be a victory for sport. It gives me great pleasure to invite you to visit Mohali and join me and the millions of fans from our countries to watch the match.” Cricket has had a chequered role in the diplomatic history of the two countries, and has been used to facilitate dialogue and bring about bonhomie. But ever since the Mumbai attack of November 2008, India-Pakistan relations have been in a trough, despite Singh’s valiant attempts to revive them. This cast a shadow even on cricket ties. The two sides have had just two cricketing encounters since 26/ 11, both in ICC-sanctioned events. And India has not welcomed any Pakistani player in the IPL tournament for two years.advertisementSince it was not certain till Thursday night that there would be an India-Pakistan World Cup encounter at Mohali – that was known only after India beat Australia – the invitation to the Pakistani leaders has quite clearly not been thought through. Sources said that the invitation caught the ministry of external affairs unawares, emphasising the PMO’s control over India’s Pakistan policy. A senior official’s tart comment was ” What will be the impact of the decision will depend on how it plays out.” Foreign secretary Nirupama Rao confirmed the PM’s announcement through her twitter account.” PM Manmohan Singh has invited President Zardari and PM Gilani of Pak to witness World Cup semifinal btw India and Pak at Mohali, Mar 30,” Rao wrote. Gilani has responded positively to the invitation, though the big question remains: Will it yield the kind of dividends that some past cricketing meets between the political leaders of the two sides did? Conversations of top functionaries of the government, made public in candid WikiLeaks cables, show there are divisions in the government on the question of the dialogue with Pakistan. In one cable, US ambassador Timothy Roemer cited M. K. Narayanan as describing the PM as a ” great believer” in talks and negotiations with Islamabad. And of allegedly telling Singh in jest after he referred to India’s ” shared destiny” with Pakistan that, “You have a shared destiny, we don’t.” Experts are divided over the PM’s initiative in inviting Zardari and Gilani for the Mohali match.Ex- foreign secretary Salman Haider said: ” It’ll give momentum to talks. This shows that there is an intention to talk and take things forward. It speaks of India’s desire to take things forward.” However, former Indian high commissioner to Pakistan G. Parthasarathy is sceptical of the purpose of the invitation. ” Relationship should have substance than symbolism. This invitation is meaningless as decisions in Pakistan are taken by its army and not by Gilani,” Parthasarathy noted.Former deputy national security adviser all dialogue getting Why Expressing former said, dialogue seems 26/ Kashmir Mumbai who There Pakistan socalled Former adviser Satish Chandra said, ” I am all for dialogue. But is this dialogue going anywhere? Are we getting anywhere with this dialogue? Why this signal?” Expressing similar sentiments, former Army chief Gen V. P. Malik said, ” There was no need for the dialogue at this stage. Nothing seems to have improved since 26/ 11 – the situation in Jammu and Kashmir and inaction against Mumbai attackers. We all know who runs the show in Pakistan.” There are divisions on the Pakistan side too, between the socalled doves and the hawks. Former Pakistan diplomat Shahryar M. Khan said that with cricket emotions running high, this was the right time to create positive energy between the sides. His enthusiasm was not shared by a former minister Sheikh Rashid.Circumspect about the gains that could come from cricket diplomacy, he asked, “Where is the peace and friendship that such visits were supposed to create?” However, efforts have continued to be made to mend the relations.advertisementAt a bilateral meeting at Thimphu in February, Rao and her Pakistani counterpart Salman Bashir decided to revive the dialogue to discuss ” all issues”. They are expected to meet again in June before the meeting between the foreign ministers here in July. Next week, before the India- Pakistan match, the home secretaries of the two countries will meet in New Delhi and later, in April the commerce secretaries will hold talks.Softening its stand after it suspended the composite dialogue called had revive encouraged meeting Zardari Russia Singh Sheikh Then, Gilani sidelines Thimphu taken meetings secretaries the following 26/ 11 and vowed to resume it after the perpetrators were brought to book, the government last February announced that the countries had agreed to hold talks on all issues including counter- terrorism and Kashmir. In view of the domestic political sensitivities, the process will not be called a ‘composite dialogue’. After the Mumbai attack, there had been various attempts to revive the peace process, encouraged by the US. It began with a meeting between Singh and Zardari at Yekaterinburg in Russia in June 2009 and later between Singh and Gilani at Sharm-el-Sheikh in Egypt in July 2009.Then, in April 2010, Singh and Gilani met again, this time on the sidelines of the SAARC summit in Thimphu where the decision was taken to resume structured meetings between the foreign secretaries and the foreign ministers of the two sides.Cricket diplomacy hasn’t clicked in past- FEBRUARY 1987 Then Pakistan President General Zia- ul- Haq flew in to Jaipur’s Sawai Man Singh stadium, inviting himself to watch a Test match between India and Pakistan- The visit came against the backdrop of escalating tension after the Indian Army conducted the Operation Brass Tacks manoeuvres close to the Pakistan border, and Pakistan mobilised its forces. However, the situation was defused- “Cricket for peace is my mission,” Zia had said after arriving at the Jaipur airport from Delhi, where he dined with late PM Rajiv Gandhi- The Indian team was led by Kapil Dev and the Pakistani side by Imran Khan. The Test resulted in a drawAPRIL 2005 Then Pakistan President General Pervez Musharraf visited India to watch the last ODI in the Indo- Pak series at Ferozeshah Kotla Stadium in Delhi.- This was his first trip after the fiasco of the Agra summit with then PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 2001. Musharraf had a summit meeting with PM Manmohan Singh during the visit. His constant refrain was ” peace between India and Pakistan” and the requirement of ” soft borders “.- The Indian team was captained by Rahul Dravid and the Pakistani side by Inzamam-ul-Haq. Pakistan won the match and the series Both visits failed to have a lasting impact on bilateral tieslast_img read more

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International Cricket Council penalises India women’s team for not playing Pakistan

first_imgTheInternational Cricket Council (ICC) today confirmed that India women’steam would forfeit their three sixth-round games of the ICC Women’sChampionship 2014-16 against Pakistan women.Followingconsideration of written submissions from both the PCB and the BCCI, the ICC Technical Committee has ruled that the associated points should beawarded to Pakistan. The matches, which were due to be playedbetween 1 August and 31 October 2016, were not formally scheduled anddid not ultimately take place, and the Technical Committee has ruledthat Pakistan will be awarded two points for each of the three gamesand, in accordance with the ICC Women’s Championship playing conditions, India shall be considered to have scored 0 runs in each of the 50 overs in each of the three matches and that its net run rate shall beadjusted accordingly.  The Technical Committee was sensitive tothe current state of relations between the nations of India andPakistan, but concluded that the BCCI has not been able to establish’acceptable reasons’ for not participating in this series.Thisdecision means that there will be no change to the current standings onthe ICC Women’s Championship points table, with India remaining in fifth position and Pakistan remaining in seventh position.ICC conducts Women’s World Championship since 2014 which involves eight member boards, including India and Pakistan.Each board is expected to play against the other either home or away and they need to play at least three ODI games.Following this exercise, four top-ranked teams automatically qualify for the next World Cup and the bottom four have to battle it out in the qualifiers.advertisementAs per bilateral talks between the two boards, India were supposed to play Pakistan in UAE in a window between 1st August to 31st October.Both BCCI and PCB had made their written submissions to ICC and it has beenlearnt that BCCI refused to play games citing strained relations between the two countries.ICC has found BCCI’s stand unacceptable andpenalised the Indian women’s team. “These games cannot be calledbilateral cricket as they are part of ICC’s Women’s WorldChampionships,” said an ICC spokesperson.India will have tocompete with Bangladesh, Ireland, Zimbabwe, Scotland, Papua New Guineaand Thailand in the Women’s World Cup Qualifier, to be played in SriLanka from 7-21 February 2017 to make it to ICC Women’s World Cup, to be played in England from 26 June 2017 to 23 July 2017.last_img read more

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10 months agoCrystal Palace boss Hodgson: Zaha and China?

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Crystal Palace boss Hodgson: Zaha and China?by Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveCrystal Palace boss Roy Hodgson insists there’s been no offer from China for Wilfried Zaha.Hodgson has claimed Crystal Palace know nothing about a Chinese mega-money offer for Zaha in the January window.And Hodgson said: “The speculation we have had so far I have got to say I find it hard to take seriously but who knows? Perhaps I shall be very surprised.“I don’t know if you sign a new five-year contract in the Premier League and then go to China at the age of 26. But who knows? Perhaps I am naïve. Perhaps it does happen.”All I do know is that no-one at the club knows anything at all about this story.” last_img read more

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9 months agoDONE DEAL: Ex-Tottenham defender Steven Caulker joins Alanyaspor

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say DONE DEAL: Ex-Tottenham defender Steven Caulker joins Alanyasporby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Tottenham defender Steven Caulker has joined Alanyaspor in the Turkish top flight.The 27-year-old has been without a club since leaving Dundee in September 2018.Caulker started his career at Tottenham, joined Cardiff for £8m in 2013 and moved to QPR for the same amount a year later.”He has his own goals. He is only 27 and hopefully he will take his career to a higher level,” said Alanyaspor president Hasan Cavusoglu.”He is big in our expectations,” said club president Hasan Cavusoglu.Caulker had loan spells at Southampton and Liverpool in the 2015-16 season. last_img read more

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3 days agoArsenal boss Emery upset with Pepe: You must score!

first_imgArsenal boss Emery upset with Pepe: You must score!by Paul Vegas3 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal boss Unai Emery was upset with Nicolas Pepe after defeat at Sheffield United last night.The Gunners’ £72million summer signing missed a sitter when the game was goalless – and is yet to score from open play for his new club.Lys Mousset then struck for the brilliant Blades, as Arsenal, who have never won at Sheffield United in the Premier League in four attempts, missed the chance to go third.Gunners boss Emery moaned: “The chance for us, for Pepe, was the key.“Because if they score the first goal, defensively they are a very strong team.“Pepe is improving but the next step for him is to score.“Usually he is going to score chances like that – but tonight he didn’t take his chance.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

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