Resources and highlights from the webinar: Performance Nutrition Considerations for Service Members & Veterans

first_imgFuture research: gut flora Train LowExercising in a glycogen-depleted state to enhance fat oxidation2-a-days, training fasted, training without exogenous CHO ExpensiveLack of research in athletesOften encourages exceptions for athletes If It Fits Your Macros (IIFYM) Freedom to eat whatever fits into your daily macronutrient needsCan be high-effortRisk of nutrient deficiencyEnsure appropriate macronutrient distributionIntermittent Fasting (IF)Limit intake or fasting for a period (16-24+ hours) with refeed periodsRamadan most frequently studied by Robin AllenAs a member of Art Club, a local social club, we host speakers to provide information on whatever is going on around the community. We recently hosted the very successful University of Illinois baseball coach and 2 of his players.  Obviously we do not always talk about art.  Being a Dietitian I asked about nutrition and working with the Sports Dietitian.  The athletes were effusive in their praise as was their couch.  They relayed how they met individually with the Dietitian to discuss nutrition and their nutrition goals for optimal performance.  The Dietitian develops meal plans for the athletes  for when they are on the road.  She is present at the Training Table during meals to reinforce their goals and meal plan. The coach said their training program has been greatly enhanced by having a dedicated Sports Dietitian on staff.We learned from the webinar that the duties for Sports and Performance Dietitians are vast and varied.  Below are some highlight and resources from the webinar. If you missed Performance Nutrition Considerations for Service Members & Veterans, Tuesday, October 17, 2017 you can listen to the recording here.A case study (see) slide above, was discussed. This scenario really resonated with our participants! This was a typical scenario of supplement stacking when working with active duty military.Question asked by the presenter: What issues are Dietitians facing when dealing with athletes and the young active duty population?Eating disordersFemale athlete triadsFad diets and supplementsHigh usage of energy drinksKetosisVegan and vegetarian dietsSupplement stackingFad diets, for example, Ketogenic diet, Paleo diet, gluten- free, dairy free;Misinformation: Patients changing habits due to unnecessary fear (misleading “documentaries”, headlines, biased messages or misinterpreted science that causes patients to fear foods/food groups/ingredients)Testosterone boosters” – lots of male patients coming in saying they think their testosterone levels are low and they believe that’s what is preventing them from losing fat/building lean body massDietary Trends with Athletes:PaleoDiet modeled after foods available for Paleolithic humansInclude grass-fed meat/organs, seafood, most fresh fruits/veggies, eggs, nuts/seeds, certain oilsExclude grains, legumes, dairy, refined sugar, potatoes, processed food, refined vegetable oils, saltHard to find consistent definition/rules Many health claimsShort-term changes in arteries, lipid panel Many health claimsShort-term may have health benefits;risk of deficiency long-term References:Knapik JJ, Steelman RA, Hoedebecke SS, Farina EK, Austin KG, Lieberman HR. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of dietary supplement use by military personnel. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2014;14(1).Individualized Nutrition Support Is Critical to Athletic Performance: Revised Position Paper from the Academy of Nutrition and DieteticsFor more in-depth information please view the webinar recording of Performance Nutrition Considerations for Service Members and Veterans.  Dietitians earn 1 CPEU.  However, this information is great for anyone who works with active duty military, athletes or personal knowledge.What are issues you have seen when working with athletes?This blog was posted by Robin Allen, a member of the Military Families Learning Network (MFLN) Nutrition and Wellness team that aims to support the development of professionals working with military families.  Find out more about the MFLN Nutrition and Wellness concentration on our website on Facebook, on Twitter, and LinkedIn. Does result in energy restriction for mostMay require strategic fueling for some athletes Ketogenic Diet focused on fueling from fats rather than carbsHigh fat, adequate protein, low carb (4:1 fat to protein+carb) Perform glycogen-reducing activity followed by higher intensity activityDesigned for endurance training (<70%VO2 max) – not high intensity or resistance exerciseResults in metabolic changes but limited performance changesWhat participants are seeing as trends:Paleo Popular with triathlon and cycling communityMacrosIntermittent FastingKetogenicAn influx of people asking about vegetarian diets since the “What the Health” doc on NetflixFODMAP for some athletes with GI issues“If it Fits Your Macros” IIFYMFlexible DietingRenaissance Periodization (RP) diet is popular with CrossFitGarcinia Cambogia  for weight lossGreen tea leafCaffeineCaseinBod PodSupplements Use: Up to 61% of military men and 76% of military women use supplementsVitamins/minerals, sports drinks, protein, energy drinks, creatineGeneral health, performance enhancementParticipants shared experiences of active duty abuse of supplements:Several young marines this year have gone into cardiac arrest using pre-workout supplements such as C4. C4 has been reformulated recently.Have at least 1 soldier admitted each week with acute kidney injury (AKI) suspected to be caused by multiple supplements usage. They generally have no idea what is actually in the supplements.Benefit level of supplements is entirely dependent on the individual.  A vegetarian athlete might get more benefit from creatine versus the non-vegetarian athlete.Additional Resources: Compendium of Physical ActivitiesLab DoorHuman Performance Resource CenterSport-specific certification for supplements:NSF Certified for Sport®Informed ChoiceBSCG Certified Drug Free®Consumer Lab®General certificationUSP™Operation Supplement SafetyNatural Medicines Database Linked through OPSS & SCANNIH Office of Dietary SupplementsUS Anti-Doping AgencyCompendium of Physical Activites Requires time commitment to “adapt”; cannot cheatDrastic weight fluctuations when starting/stoppingNo performance benefit/performance decrementsMay make calorie intake easier for some athletesInadequate protein for strength athleteslast_img