Before Kamala Harris, This Vice President Broke a Racial Barrier

first_imgKamala Harris broke gender and racial barriers this year as the first woman, first Black person and first person of Asian descent to be elected vice president.But historians and Native Americans are also revisiting the legacy of Charles Curtis, whose Kaw Nation ancestry gives him a claim as the first “person of color” to serve as vice president, though the term’s current usage emerged decades later.- Advertisement – Mr. Curtis was born in 1860 in the territory of Kansas to a white father and a mother of Kanza descent, and spent his early life among the Kanza people, who are now part of the Kaw Nation.He learned the language and excelled at horsemanship, according to the Senate. And he pursued his early education in Topeka, shuttling back and forth between the city and the reservation, said Crystal Douglas, who runs the Kanza Museum in Kaw City, Okla.Mr. Curtis was eventually elected a county attorney, and to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Mr. Hoover chose him as a running mate in 1928, possibly because of his popularity in the pastoral Midwest.- Advertisement – His embrace of his heritage, however, also came with a legacy that some historians and advocates say undermined Native land rights.‘One of our own men’- Advertisement – Mr. Curtis also had Osage ancestry, according to the Bureau of Indian Affairs.Ms. Douglas, the Kanza Museum director, said that Mr. Curtis “did some wonderful things” for his people, and introduced bills backing women’s voting rights and child labor laws. She said that Mr. Curtis’s personal papers show he was “disappointed” with how the Curtis Act ultimately harmed tribal identity. Mr. Curtis, who served under President Herbert Hoover from 1929 to 1933, often referred to the novelty of his background while in public office, speaking of his rise “from Kaw tepee to Capitol,” as his Senate biography notes.Native artifacts adorned his office, he posed for photographs in a Native headdress, and he referred to himself as “one-eighth Kaw Indian and a one-hundred percent Republican,” the biography says. Laura Harris, LaDonna Harris’s daughter, said in an interview on Monday that she and her mother discovered more about Mr. Curtis while preparing for her campaign.“You want people to know that we were politically active back in the 1800s, as well as today,” she said. “And we have served in government and were included in government.”“But he is almost a fluke,” she added. “He did things that, today, we would think they were not very progressive. But that was his time.”Ms. LaDuke said that while Native women had inspired her run, “I just think it is remarkable that a Native person was elected vice president. And a lot of people didn’t know that.” Dr. R. David Edmunds, a retired historian at the University of Texas in Dallas, said that Mr. Curtis represented the 19th-century approach of U.S. policy toward Native people.“Curtis is the last gasp of the old way, and the country moves away from him,” he said. “He has sort of been forgotten because of that.”Rediscovering CurtisIn 1936, when the coffin bearing the body of Mr. Curtis was transported by train from Washington to Kansas, “thousands” were expected to pay respects, according to The New York Times’s coverage of his funeral.Then he faded into relative obscurity, until this year, as Ms. Harris’s selection on a major party ticket renewed interest in his stature as the highest-ranking person of Native descent in the federal government. “There is pride with the Kanza, that one of theirs rose to be vice president of the United States,” said Mark Brooks, an administrator for the Kaw Mission in the Kansas State Historical Society. “But I would say that some would pick that apart and refer to the Curtis Act and what it actually did.” Updated Nov. 10, 2020, 3:26 p.m. ET According to original documents provided by the historical society, Mr. Curtis is referred to as “one of our own men” by a tribal leader, Chief Washungah, who spoke at the Capitol in 1900 about the tribe’s share of lands under treaties with the federal government.“The white people are getting rich off of the lands that have been treated away,” Chief Washungah told Commissioner of Indian Affairs William A. Jones, according to the documents.He added: “I am getting old and I realize that I cannot live much longer, so I am talking for the children now. I want them to stay on the land, and to get some good land.”Mr. Jones, in return, told the chief that “your matters have been carefully looked after by your representative in Congress,” in a reference to Mr. Curtis. In October, reporting on Ms. Harris’s preparations for a debate, the news site Indian Country Today noted that at least two Native Americans had sought the vice presidency in recent decades.One was LaDonna Harris, a Comanche citizen, a candidate for the Citizens Party in 1980 with Barry Commoner; the other, Winona LaDuke, of White Earth Nation, was the Green Party nominee for vice president in 1996 and 2000, alongside Ralph Nader. – Advertisement – Many Native leaders thought a man who grew up with a tribe would look out for their interests. But parts of his legacy, historians say, are overshadowed by his role as the original author of the Curtis Act of 1898, which orchestrated allotment of Native lands and curtailed tribal leadership.last_img read more

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WWE Hell in a Cell 2019 results: Becky Lynch takes down Sasha Banks

first_img The highly-awaited WWE Hell in a Cell was as electrifying as the audience expected it to be. Fans witnessed rivalries and drama unfold, each event equally exciting. Hell in a Cell delivered on all the build-up that was promised. Let us take a look at WWE Hell in a Cell 2019 results for Becky Lynch vs Sasha Banks for the WWE Raw Women’s Championship.  Written By #TheMan just went to HELL and [email protected] is STILL your #RAW #WomensChampion! #HIAC pic.twitter.com/NBJooGQvSe— WWE (@WWE) October 6, 2019 Devika Pawar WATCH US LIVE TELL US what @SashaBanksWWE is planning to do here ⬇️ #HIAC pic.twitter.com/FOOU4kvbck— WWE Universe (@WWEUniverse) October 6, 2019 Also read | WWE SmackDown Results, October 4: Winners, Grades And Other DetailsJust as we thought that The Boss was down, Banks recovered. She executed a Meteora, which sent Lynch flying into a ladder on the side of the cell. The challenger continued her assault, delivering another Meteora while Lynch was seated on a chair. The next segment was an onslaught of attacks by the champion after she recovered. Lynch was close to victory by pinfall, but Banks recovered once again. She had planned to use two kendo sticks she had set up, but Lynch was too quick. She sat Banks atop those sticks and delivered a running dropkick. For the next few minutes, Banks tried to regain control, visibly frustrated due to Lynch.Also read | Brock Lesnar’s Nightmare Cain Velasquez not Signed By WWE: ReportsThe Boss retrieved a kendo stick and skilfully delivered a Bank Statement on her rival. Unexpectedly, Lynch moved towards the ropes, and then the floor, to escape effectively. Both WWE wrestlers showered each other with back-to-back attacks, but Lynch came out on top. She used a Bexploder from the top rope, after which Banks tapped out, giving The Man her victory by pinfall.  FOLLOW US BECKY, WHAT ARE YOU DOING?#HIAC @BeckyLynchWWE pic.twitter.com/TWx4SfRKGQ— WWE Universe (@WWEUniverse) October 6, 2019center_img Also read | WWE Raw Results: Lesnar Beats Mysterio; Styles And Rollins Win Titles SUBSCRIBE TO US Last Updated: 7th October, 2019 09:38 IST WWE Hell In A Cell 2019 Results: Becky Lynch Takes Down Sasha Banks WWE Hell in a Cell is one of the most awaited WWE events. As this year’s event has already begun, here are the Becky Lynch vs Sasha Banks fight results. Becky Lynch vs Sasha Banks encounter was a direct result of last week’s WWE Raw where Lynch had promised to punish Banks. Banks had kicked Alexa Bliss on her injured leg, and the audience was definitely looking forward to seeing how this rivalry would end. Living up to her nickname, The Man did not disappoint, taking The Boss down in a neck-to-neck bout. As one of the best events of the night, the audience was left asking for more.Also read | WWE Hell In A Cell:Here Are The Top Moments From The Demonic StructureWWE Hell in a Cell Results 2019: Becky Lynch vs Sasha BanksAs soon as the cell lowered, Banks lashed out at Lynch and dropped her with a suplex on the steel entrance ramp. For some time, the fight went on outside the confines of the unforgiving cell. She stole the steel chain from the door, after which she grounded Banks with a big uppercut. The WWE women’s champion then went on to pull a ladder from under the ring, which was enough for Banks to hit her with a chair. However, The Man did not back down. She used the same chair to hit Banks on her back.  First Published: 7th October, 2019 09:38 IST LIVE TV COMMENTlast_img read more

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